/* PLEASE DO NOT DELETE THIS COMMENTED-OUT VERSION! This is the old version of expand-file-name, before it was thoroughly rewritten for Emacs 10.31. We leave this version here commented-out, because the code is very complex and likely to have subtle bugs. If bugs _are_ found, it might be of interest to look at the old code and see what did it do in the relevant situation. Don't remove this code: it's true that it will be accessible from the repository, but a few years from deletion, people will forget it is there. */
Let me check, just how old is Emacs 10.31? According to the Emacs timeline Emacs 13.0x was the first public release - in 1985. Feel free to study the over 30 years old sources, simply because they’re significantly more readable than what’s making up expand-file-name these days.
Oh and yes, there’s of course been fools who tried removing this. The comment itself was added in 2001 after such an incident.